10 Smart Water Technologies
As intense pressure is exerted on the planet’s limited water supplies, humans are turning to technological innovation to find solutions for this problem. Emerging inventions could see human civilization through the 21st century and probably the next 1,000 years. Here are smart water technologies that will save the planet:
1. Citrus Water Softener
Hard water has posed a challenge to people for generations. For years, humans have used various methods including reverse osmosis and precipitation to soften hard water using various different types of water softeners.
Luckily enough, technological advancement has made it possible to enjoy salt-free soft water using a compact eco-friendly system. This is accomplished using chelation technology commonly used in restaurants and luxury hotels across the globe. The fuel for this process is a proprietary citrus-based filter media.
The new NuvoH2O technology treats hard water by binding and sequestering calcium ions unlike conventional salt softeners. Once they are bound to CitraCharge, calcium is unable to form a scale. The NuvoH2O system does not use electricity; you just hook it up to your water supply and let it soften your water.
2. Water heater that excites salts and mineral in water
Conventional water heaters use an element to heat water, however, a new technology has emerged and it promises to cut your heating bills by about 40 percent. The new water heater known a Heatworks Model 1X excites salts and minerals found in water providing with hot water instantly. ISI Technology, creators of the magical water heater says that the compact system will eliminate all failure modes of the traditional heating technology and provide more features at the same or less cost.
3. Water efficient shower heads
Showers represent some of the best ways to save money and water and installing water efficient shower head is the best way to get started. When you change from a 2.5 GPM shower head to 1.5 GPM shower head, you save about 10 gallons of water every 10 minutes you are in the shower. If your family consists of 4 people and each of them showers once daily, that is about 1200 gallons of heated water every month. In 1 year, you will be saving about 14400 gallons of water and using less energy to heat the water. If you want to check more on top shower heads visit finestshower.com
4. Water flow valves
Few people know about these water saving technologies but they have a big impact and are among the smart water technologies that will save the planet. The flow valve allows you to drastically reduce or temporarily stop the flow of water while you are soaping in the bathroom. This doesn’t only save your water but also reduces your energy bills. If these are used alongside water efficient showerheads, you can reduce water wastage in the shower by about 75 percent.
5. Wastewater processing systems
Many people living in urban areas including in developed economies have to contend with inadequately treated sewage. As a result, wastewater is often discharged into rivers and streams. In some instances, the raw sewage is used for irrigation and end up in food.
Now, new technologies are promising to change wastewater into a resource for generating energy as well as a source of drinking water. Technologies such as modular sludge digesters are now removing nutrients from wastewater to be used as fertilizers which in turn reduce the energy needed for treatment by more than half.
According to Dr. David Lloyd Owen, specialist in waste water treatment and advisor to the board of BlueWater Bio, there is an urgent need for compact wastewater systems which require less space and can be built in urban areas where land is scarce.
6. Toilet tank bags
These inserts are just another way to save water around your home. The best part is that you will not have to change your usage habits. Installing toilet tanks bags is easy and does not need any special training. All you need is to fill up the toilet bag, place it in your toilet tank and every time you flush, you will be using less water.
7. Mobile recycling facilities
Today the demand for mobile water treatment facilities has never been higher due to the explosion of the global hydraulic fracturing industry. Investment is being channeled into reverse osmosis systems that allow companies to treat high volumes of water. According to Peter Adriaens, professor of entrepreneurship and environmental engineering at the University of Michigan, as these technologies advance and treat high volumes of water, portable treatment systems will be cheaper and there will be a gradual moving away from massive centralized systems.
8. Intelligent irrigation
Intelligent irrigation systems are among the smart water technologies that will save the planet. Currently, about 70 percent of all the fresh water in the world is used by the agriculture industry. Using more intelligent methods of managing water by applying precision irrigation systems and computer algorithms is starting to bring benefits to farmers especially in the developed economies.
While this system uses new analytical technologies and instruments, innovation will have to come from a changed mindset that puts emphasis on the importance of measuring forecasting.
Previous irrigation systems did not stress on measuring since it was assumed that there was enough water to go around. Now, there must be a paradigm shift for the water industry, which just like in most areas is throwing new engineering developments at problems in an effort to seek for solutions.
9. Seawater desalination
Seawater desalination holds a lot of promise for the future; however it is still extremely expensive. Part of the reason why this technology is still out of reach for most countries is that reverse osmosis consumes about 4 kilowatts hours of energy for 1 cubic meter of water.
Singapore is exploring a viable solution which was initiated in 2005. The technology known a biomimicry, mimics the biological processes used by mangrove plants and euryhaline fish- fish that can live in salt water- to extract seawater using less energy compared to the conventional methods. Another new approach is to use biometric membranes enhanced with aquaporin proteins in cell membranes that draw water in and out of the cells but lockout salts.
According to Harry Seah, chief technology officer for Singapore national water agency, if science can identify a way of mimicking biological processes, innovative engineering solutions will hold a lot of potential for seawater desalination.
10. Nanotechnology in filtration
The World Health Organization claims that about 1.6 million people die annually due to diseases attributed to drinking unsafe water. Now, India has invented a water purification system using nanotechnology.
The technology gets rid of microbes, bacteria and other harmful micro-organisms using composite nanoparticles which produce silver ions to destroy contaminants. According to Professor Thalappil Pradip of the Indian Institute of Technology Madras, you can now supply microbially purified water for the whole family at just $2.50 annually.